- Ram series (observed at the Ramenskoye Airfield)
- Tag series (observed at the Taganrog Airfield)
Soviet RD&T aircraft
When the US military or intelligence community identifies a new aircraft type
by means of satellite photography or other sources, the aircraft is assigned
a temporary code name, based on the location of the observation, and a
sequence letter (from A through Z).
Ram series (observed at the Ramenskoye Airfield)
Air Force and other land based aircraft are often tested and sighted at the
Ramenskoye Airfield, south of Moscow (coordinates: 55 33'N and 038 10'E).
Other Ram coded aircraft may include specially modified test, training, and
electronic warfare versions of series aircraft like the AEW version of the
Il-76 ('A-50' 'Mainstay') or the Myasishchev 'VM-T' transporter, and other
experimental or prototype aircraft like the Ilyushin Il-102 ground attack
prototypes, the Tsybin 'NM-1' strategic reconnaissance plane prototype, and
the Mikoyan experimental orbiter 'Spiral' prototype MiG Product 105-11.
- Suchoi T-4 supersonic bomber prototype; service designation Su-100;
(or maybe a modified Tupolev Tu-144 supersonic transport);
- Suchoi T-8-1 ground attack aircraft prototype; service designation
Su-25; later the NATO Reporting Name 'Frogfoot' was assigned;
- Suchoi T-10 supersonic fighter prototype; service designation Su-27;
later the NATO Reporting Name 'Flanker' was assigned;
- Mikoyan Product 9 supersonic fighter prototype; service designation
MiG-29; later the NATO Reporting Name 'Fulcrum' was assigned;
- Myasishchev Mya-17 high altitude balloon interceptor; later the NATO
Reporting Name 'Mystic' was assigned;
- Tupolev Tu-160 supersonic bomber prototype first observed 11/25/1981;
later the NATO Reporting Name 'Blackjack' was assigned;
- Buran space shuttle orbiter prototype;
Ram-R1 - Buran prototype in glider configuration;
Ram-R2 - Buran prototype with 4 jet engines for atmospheric
- Yakovlev Yak-141 supersonic naval VTOL fighter; first reported as
'Yak-41'; later the NATO Reporting Name 'Freestyle' was assigned;
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Tag series (observed at Taganrog)
Navy and maritime aircraft like amphibians and flying boats are often
observed at Taganrog (coordinates: 47 12'N and 038 56'E), where the Beriev
OKB is located.
Other aircraft, which might have been 'Tag' coded, include several different
WIG (Wing-In-Ground-effect craft) like the Bartini (Beriev) VVA-14 (also known
as Product M or '14 MIP') 'Ekranoplane', the so called 'Caspian Sea Monster'
or 'Utka' class WIG, and the 'Orlan' WIG (also known as 'CASP-B').
- a not further specified WIG vehicle, maybe the 'Caspian Sea Monster';
- Beriev Be-42 'Albatross' amphibian; first reported as 'Be-40'; service
designation A-40; later the NATO Reporting Name 'Mermaid' was assigned;
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